Inhabited since Neolithic times, it has lived each age in the history of man to the full, from the hunter-farmers who built and settled in pile-dwellings along the banks of the lakes between the hills, to spreading Etruscan colonization, Cenomani Gallic occupation and the Roman conquest. Each civilization fought over the area and its many riches, leaving their unmistakable and invaluable marks on each site.
During the Middle Ages, it took on a strategic importance as the Scaligeri of Verona, the Gonzagas of Mantua and the Viscounts of Brescia and Milan battled for control of it.
After the 15th century, the land became object of contention between the ruling dynasties of Venice and the Gonzagas, as both laid claim to it; by the end of the 18th century, after the fall of the great Mantuan dynasty, it fell to the Austrians; this continued until the Second Italian War of Independence (1859) when it became a Risorgimento battlefield, in particular the Battle of Solferino.
These struggles live on in the books written about them, stories of human drama that can still be felt here, carefully conserved in the memories of the people and in the traditions they hold so dear. Much love goes into safeguarding their historical and artistic heritage.